Percent of children considered to be poor (<100% FPG)
Children who grow up in poverty often the lack the nutrition, shelter, sanitation, health care, and education they need to thrive and become healthy adults. The short-term effects of childhood poverty—including difficulties like hunger, housing instability, and low academic achievement—can lead to long-term health consequences, such as increased risk of heart disease, obesity, asthma, and mental illness. Given the significant impact of childhood poverty on an individual’s the life course, it is important to track the number of children considered to be poor to identify and target populations at higher risk of poverty-related adverse health outcomes.
State Health Compare provides annual, state-level rates of children considered to be poor based on data from the American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files. Estimates can be broken down by race/ethnicity group (African American/Black, Hispanic/Latino, Other/Multiple Races, and White).
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A study of data on childhood poverty from 2019 showed a rising number of children considered to be poor in the years leading up to the COVID-19 pandemic. Nearly one in every five children in the U.S. lived in poverty in 2019, and rates of poverty were overall much higher for children who lived in states across the South as opposed to other geographic regions.
This infographic highlights national and state-level data on the number of children living in working poor households. The data come from the U.S. Census Bureau’s National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH).